If you are on the mission of finding a good hemp oil product for its medicinal value, you may have come across descriptions like broad and full spectrum hemp. These descriptions can be confusing especially if you have no prior experience of using hemp oil.
First of all, you need to understand that there are two types of hemp oils: hemp seed oil and CBD oil. As the name goes, hemp seed oil is derived from the seeds of the hemp plant. These seeds neither contain CBD nor THC but only bioactive compounds, nutrients and fatty acids just like any other plant seed oil. CBD oil is extracted from the stalks, leaves and flowers of the hemp plant and contains all compounds of the hemp plant.
CBD oil is further categorized into broad spectrum, full spectrum and CBD isolate. The main difference is that full spectrum hemp oil contains all compounds of the hemp plant including THC but at very low levels (0.3%). Broad spectrum hemp oil on the other hand contains several of the compounds but with THC removed. CBD extract contains CBD only.
While there are shared benefits between these two oils, their differences mainly arise from the presence or absence of THC.
Since both oils contains an array of cannabinoids, they are able to provide the needed entourage effect since the levels of THC that is in full spectrum hemp oil is too low to cause any high psychoactive feelings.
Since full spectrum hemp oil maintains the entire range of hemp phytochemicals including THC, its effects are slightly better. These phytochemicals include terpenes, esters, waxes and cannabinoids. On the other hand, broad spectrum can be considered as the hybrid of the pure CBD extract and the full spectrum hemp oil and in many cases, many phytochemicals that are removed during the isolation of THC are not reintroduced.
In fact, you will find a CBD isolate that is only added a handful of terpenes being misleadingly labeled as broad spectrum hemp oil. So when buying broad spectrum hemp oil, make sure that it is only THC that is removed and not the entire cannabinoid profile.
While full spectrum hemp oil gives better entourage, there are instances where broad spectrum hemp oil is advantageous. They include the following:
- It is an option for those with THC sensitivity
- Good for CBD beginners who are anxious about THC
- It is the only choice if the state laws are totally against THC
- Sometimes, there are work-related issues that prohibit the use of THC
Both full and broad spectrum hemp/CBD oil helps to enhance you physical and mental wellbeing. Both are capable of the entourage effect without invoking a ‘high’ feeling. Full spectrum hemp oil is popular but you might want to look for that broad spectrum just in case you do not want to risk having any psychoactive effects or when the legal situation forces you to.
Hemp oil has been trending ever since the passing of the 2018 Farm Bill. So, don’t let the ‘hemp rush’ blind you from choosing the right hemp oil product that will meet your health needs.