CBD is generally used in oil form. Even if you’re not using CBD oil directly, most products that contain CBD are made by mixing in CBD oil. It can be effective, but there’s one problem. The human body is made up of mostly water. And oil and water don’t mix. That’s why it can take some time for CBD to be absorbed into the body.
Emulsification is the process of breaking down fats and oils to allow them to mix with water more easily. Most emulsifications don’t last, though, and the oil and water end up separating again after a few minutes, or a few hours.
Nano-emulsification, however, creates the emulsification process at the molecular level. Nano CBD droplets are around 100 nanometers or less—1,000 times smaller than the width of a human hair. The smaller particles make the CBD water soluble. This allows for maximum CBD absorption by the body, and maximum effectiveness as it’s taken.
If you’ve ever had to shake a bottle of salad dressing to get the oil and vinegar to mix together, then you know what emulsions are. And if you’ve had to do it again every time you get the bottle out of the refrigerator, then you know why they’re not stable.
Oil and water don’t mix. When you apply energy (e.g. shaking the salad dressing bottle), you can force the two together, but it doesn’t last. They start separating again almost immediately. If you want the emulsion to last for any length of time, you either need to add a stabilizing agent to the mix, alter the way you create the emulsion, or both.
In nano-emulsions, CBD oil is broken up into small enough particles to be absorbed by the water particles. There are several ways this can be done. Using a very large amount of energy, the mixture can be shaken enough to force the particles together for a long period of time. Alternately, ultrasonic vibrations can be used to agitate the molecules and force them together.
In addition, there are a variety of other methods being developed, for creating nano-emulsions, not only with CBD, but with other types of oils as well. Changes in temperature and pressure can also both be used to facilitate the process. Some researchers are looking at ways of creating the emulsions using less energy. There are a myriad of options.
However the nano-emulsions are created, the results are the same: they create particles of CBD oil that are only a few nanometers in width. As we discussed before, this allows the CBD to enter your bloodstream (which is mostly water) more quickly, and be absorbed more efficiently. This makes it an effective method of delivering not just CBD, but all sorts of drugs and other compounds into the body.